Strumenti musicali en

Da "Fisica, onde Musica": un sito web su fisica delle onde e del suono, acustica degli strumenti musicali, scale musicali, armonia e musica.


Classification of the major musical instruments

This is not a systematic and complete classification but only a guide to various sections. To see the range of instruments, consult the table on the page Range of musical instruments.

Instruments can be classified on the basis of various parameters. Of primary interest to physics is the medium that produces oscillations and, therefore, sound. Followed by the material of which the instrument is made.

It is a common, longstanding practice to classify musical instruments by the family they belong to; not only because of a historical-cultural process that brought a standard conformation to the orchestral company but also because of the physical and acoustic properties that the instruments unequivocally have in common. We will try to adhere to this classification.

String instruments (chordophones)

Plucked

Struck

Bowed

  • Harp
  • Harpsichord
  • Lute
  • Guitar
  • Mandolin
  • Banjo
  • Piano
  • Spinet
  • Violin
  • Viola
  • Cello
  • Double bass


Wind instruments (aerophones)

Without reeds

With reeds

Single reed

Double reed

Free reed

Woodwinds

  • Oboe
  • English horn
  • Bassoon
  • Contrabassoon

Brasswinds

Others

  • Organ (flue pipes)
  • Harmonica
  • Accordion
  • Harmonium
  • Organ (reed pipes)


Percussion instruments

Without membranes (idiophones)

With membranes (membranophones)

  • Bells
  • Glockenspiel
  • Celesta
  • Cymbals
  • Gong


Electric and electronic instruments (electrophones)

Amplified mechanical instruments

Original instruments

  • Electric guitar
  • Electronic organ
  • Synthesizer

"Fisica, onde Musica": un sito web su fisica delle onde, acustica degli strumenti musicali, scale musicali, armonia e musica.

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